Shelter to open next to “underground city” in central Iran


TEHRAN – The tourism directorate of Markazi province has decided to open a traditional accommodation house next to an “underground city” in central Iran.

“A manor from the Qajar era (1789-1925), located in a huge underground city in the city of Taftesh, should be transformed into an eco-lodge”, announced the provincial head of tourism.

A few years ago, the opening of the underground city was accidentally discovered in one of the rooms of the mansion, Mostafa Marzban said Friday, quoted by CHTN.

The project is expected to be carried out in collaboration with the private sector and the owner of the mansion, the official added.

The underground city may become a top tourist destination for domestic and international tourists, but more accommodation options, including eco-lodges, will be needed, he noted.

He also expressed hope that the future of tourism in the region will be better.

The hand-carved underground city is located below the modern city of Tafresh and with an area of ​​three hectares, it is one of the largest underground areas in Iran and even Western Asia.

So far, two archaeological seasons have been conducted on the underground city.

Based on academic findings, the creation of handmade cave architectural sites depends on several factors, including climatic and geographic conditions, defense, security, sustainability and religion, which were deeply related to cultural, political circumstances. , social and economic. This architecture can be classified into various formal types in terms of external form, internal space and function (religious, tombs, residential and shelter).

Handmade cave architecture is a distinctive type of architecture, which does not require major building materials and therefore a very low environmental load since its creation is done mainly by space extraction rather than mass addition. . Subtraction rather than addition architecture offers many opportunities that require extensive research and analysis.

As there is no mandatory method of creating spaces rather than material cohesion, there is no priority in the construction of a troglodyte structure, either from the roof or from the ground. Dealing with boulders, rocks, and piles of dirt requires a variety of tools like an ax, hammer, chisel, and hammer to shape the interior space.

In Iran, many magnificent instances of this architecture have taken place in different regions due to its different climates. This unique architecture is at odds with conventional settlement patterns and construction methods and can still take advantage of mountains and valleys on the ground or wall, which is a good way to control climatic fluctuations in different regions.


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